How did I fix a corrupted hard drive without formatting?
How much did it cost to repair a hard drive?
When hard drive runs into problems or errors, and some important data are lost unexpectedly, or in another case, a pop-up window asks you to format the hard drive before you can use it, don’t format it at once, try these 4 free methods in this post to repair hard drive errors without formatting and recover lost data/files for free at first.
How to Repair Hard Drive Windows 10 with Chkdsk CMD
CHKDSK is a Windows built-in utility designed to help users to repair hard drive file system errors and bad sectors.
Check the 3 simple steps below for hard drive recovery and repair in Windows 10 by using Chkdsk.
Step 1 – Open Windows Command Prompt Tool
To open Windows Command Prompt, you can press Windows + R key at the same time on the keyboard, then type cmd and hit Enter to open it.
Alternatively, you can click Start and type Command Prompt, select Command Prompt to open the command-line tool.
Step 2 – Run Chkdsk to Repair Hard Drive Windows 10
Next, you can type this command line: chkdsk *: /f /r. refers to the hard drive letter, and you should type the exact hard drive letter. Then you can hit Enter. (Please do not miss every Space in this command line.)
The Chkdsk utility should now automatically examine and fix the detected hard drive errors, and try its best to recover readable information from detected bad sectors on the hard drive.
Tip: If you don’t know the exact hard drive letter, you can first click This PC on Windows 10 screen and check the drive letter of each partition. If the hard drive doesn’t have a drive letter, you can check this post: Fix the drive letter is missing in Windows.
How to Repair Hard Drive Windows 10 with Disk Checking
You can also diagnose and fix hard drive errors in Windows 10 by using Windows Disk Checking tool.
Step 1. You can click This PC on your Windows 10 computer to open File Explorer window.
Step 2. Next, you can right-click on one drive under Devices and drives, and click Properties.
Step 3. Then you can tap the Tools tab, and click Check button under Error-checking section. Then the built-in disk checking utility will start checking hard disk file system errors.
Tip: If it pops up a window saying “You don’t need to scan this drive”, you can just ignore it and click Scan drive to continue scanning the drive for any errors. If errors are found, you can decide whether you want to fix them.
Repair Hard Drive for Free with SFC /Scannow Windows 10
Another Windows built-in hard drive repair tool is SFC (System File Checker). This utility allows users to scan for and restore corruptions in Windows system files. If the hard drive error is caused by corrupted Windows system files, you can also use this tool to repair hard drive for free.
Step 1. You can also press Windows + R key simultaneously, and type cmd to open Windows Command Prompt.
Step 2. Next, you can type this command line: SFC /scannow, and hit Enter key to start the system scan immediately and restore detected file system corruptions in Windows 10.
Repair Hard Drive with Third-party Free Hard Drive Recovery Software
There is also some free hard drive repair software in the market. A free and easy-to-use disk repair tool like MiniTool Partition Wizard can help you easily fix hard drive errors in Windows 10.
Step 1. Download, install and launch the 100% clean and free program MiniTool Partition Wizard on your Windows 10/8/7 PC.
Step 2. Select the corrupted hard disk drive and right-click one partition on it. Then choose Check File System, tick Check & fix detected errors and click Start.
This smart hard drive repair software will begin scanning and fixing the detected hard drive errors automatically.
Tip: If your Windows 10 computer can’t boot because of hard drive failures, you can create a Windows 10 repair disk/USB drive to repair Windows 10, or try to start Windows 10 in safe mode to conduct hard drive recovery/repair, as well as recover important data and files with MiniTool Power Data Recovery.
How to Recover Data from Corrupted/Dead Hard Drive
If the hard drive is corrupted or dead and you can’t fix it, yet, you want to get back lost data from it, you can recur to a professional free data recovery software like MiniTool Power Data Recovery.
Its free edition can help you recover up to 1GB data and its personal deluxe edition offers a lifetime license and you can recover as much data as you want.
Step 1. Fast download and install the clean and safe MiniTool Power Data Recovery on Windows 10/8/7, and launch it to enter its main interface.
Step 2. Then you can click This PC from the left panel and choose a partition from the right plate. Click the Scan button and it will start to scan all the data and files on the chosen drive incl. lost and mistakenly deleted files.
Step 3. Once the scan process is finished, you can check the scan result to preview, find lost/deleted files, and click the Save button to store them to a new path.
Tip: It’s suggested to store the recovered files to a new destination path to avoid data overwriting because data overwriting will cause permanent data loss.
Hard drive errors or corruption can cause data inaccessibility and possible data loss. Before you think about paying extra to repair the hard drive, you may try these 4 ways in this post to fix hard disk errors first and utilize a reliable free method to recover important data from the corrupted or dead hard drive.